Instinct is a phrase used for describing the set of attitudes and behaviors that are inherent and are developed with the environment we live in. Instinct cannot be learned or taught and can only be developed with help of environmental triggers. For example, we all have survival instinct in us and it has helped human in their survival during the primitive world. It is an organism that satisfies the innate drive for survival and success.
We can define Instinct is an ability that is present in every species on earth and our consistent within the species. Most of the species living on earth rely on their instinct for survival if one member of the family shows signs of instinct that means the entire species have it.
Behavioral patterns are regarded as natural instinct, the occurrence of selective spontaneous responses or reflexes are the core of our basic instincts. The territorial defense attitude of three-spine sticklebacks and the visual capacity of European robins in far better than humans.
Before we move forward towards discussing the specific instincts of human and other animals we must know that there is the difference between instincts and reflexes. They might look similar and important for survival but instincts in far more complex than reflexes. Reflexes are a spontaneous reaction that we get in the response to environmental actions. It is for short time but survival instinct has a deeper and long-lasting impact on our behavior. For instance, a baby will always turn his head away when we plan a kiss on his cheek until he comes to know that we are familiar. The turning of the head is a simple reactionary process. Young birds show reactions when they are hungry to let their mother know about it. These simple behaviors are cues that we get from the environment for showing our requirements and for survival.
Our survival instinct is unaffected by the color of skin, place of birth or our economic status. Everyone has their inherent set of instinctive behavior. Research is getting done of instincts and reflexes to develop a hypothesis about its functions. Reflexes and survival instincts are present in since birth. A baby will open his mouth in the direction he feels stroke on the cheek; this shows its desire for breastfeeding. Instincts are in every animal not just in humans. Here we will explain both human and non-human instincts and will try to understand the purpose of these instincts.
Instincts are a basic characteristic of a living creature. When winter comes many species like bear prepare for hibernation as they know they can’t survive winters. Hibernation in beers requires a good knowledge of the time, engagement of pre-hibernation preparation and getting out of hibernation at the exact time. Quite complex isn’t it, but every bear learns it without being taught, it is in their instinct.
Similarly, migration in birds is a classic example of their instinct. They get all cues from the environment and work on them naturally for their survival. Here we will explain some human examples of instincts.
Pee syndrome is a strange shiver one feels in the spine while urination. The event can produce little twitch which is an involuntary twitch of muscles. The pee shiver is mysterious and is inexplicable by the medical community. This is uncommon and not many people feel this shiver but it has been reported by many men in the world. Even a small percentage of woman has experienced it.
When prisoners are kept in total darkness for longer times they start seeing strange lights and colors appearing from total darkness with sudden sensation. This sensation is also felt by truck drivers and astronauts in space. What they feel is difficult to describe as sometimes these lights transform into human shape. This might be the psychological effect of prolonged darkness combined with phosphenes.
Tickling and blushing
Very common and involuntary instincts tickling and blushing are felt by everyone. Well, there are two types of tickling knismesis and gargalesis. The knismesis is general light feather type tickling and hardly induces laughter in humans. Another one is high-level stimulation that can trigger feeling like electric sensation. They are basically reactions we feel on our body when someone touches us or we feel crawling of some insect. Our survival depends on reaction time.
Blushing, on the other hand, is an emotional involuntary sensation which is associated with emotional stress and in some case embarrassment. Blushing is related with intense reddening of skin on face and can extend on all over the body. The reddening disappears in a minute or two. Manly self-conscious people feel blushing and it is considered to ease body in case of an intense situation. Your emotions are expressed by the body while blushing to save you from an emotional juggernaut.
To conclude, I can say that instincts are an involuntary activity and a part of our survival strategy developed since the evolution of mankind.