Federal education laws have huge effects on teachers, students, and overall schooling system because they set certain standards and determine main priorities in education. An example can be seen with NCLB Act. No Child Left Behind Act focuses on the necessity to create a certain standard assessment for students in elementary and secondary schools. Thus, states create their own standards of achievement which have to be met by students. After setting such standards, states receive funding from the government. Thus, students who go to one class have to follow and meet certain criteria which evaluate their skills and knowledge. Teachers, as well as schools, are responsible for progress that students show. This act also improves the quality of education students receive because schools are regularly tested, and teachers are being checked for competency and teaching skills. NCLB also provides families with more freedom, since they get more rights to pick the school they want for their children.
The main ethical reason for NCLB Act was to provide all of students with equal opportunities and the ability to receive just scores. Students are usually given standardized tests, and that should put everyone in the same position. Such tests can be well done by students who may be talented in different spheres, and it does not matter whether a person likes Chemistry or English, since tests are created in such a way as to be understood by everybody. This way, the main ethical reason is equalization of all of the students where no one is “left behind”.
Nevertheless, consequences of this act are different from what was expected. Equalization of students by giving them tests did not actually improve the quality of education. It also made students less creative. Doing tests does not require originality and creativity, and that is a big gap in NCLB. Another gap is the act’s inability to focus on children who are more talented than others in specific areas. Thus, analyzing the act on consequentialist or non-consequentialist grounds, one can see that it focuses on accountability and standardization, but does not take into account many exceptions. Thus, the main idea of not leaving students behind is not solved with this law. Students are still left behind because giving them standardized tests does not put all of the students into the same position.